Yan Y, et al. (2019) “Whole genome-derived tiled peptide arrays detect pre-diagnostic autoantibody signatures in non-small cell lung cancer.” Cancer Res. 79(7): 1549-1557. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-18-1536
The majority of non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases are diagnosed at advanced stages, primarily because earlier stages of the disease are either asymptomatic or may be attributed to other causes such as infection or long-term effects from smoking. Therefore, early detection of NSCLC would likely increase response and survival rates due to timely intervention. Here, we utilize a novel approach based on whole genome–derived tiled peptide arrays to identify epitopes associated with autoantibody reactivity in NSCLC as a potential means for early detection. Arrays consisted of 2,781,902 tiled peptides representing 20,193 proteins encoded in the human genome. Analysis of 86 prediagnostic samples and 86 matched normal controls from a high-risk cohort revealed 48 proteins with three or more reactive epitopes in NSCLC samples relative to controls. Independent mass spectrometry analysis identified 40 of the 48 proteins in prediagnostic sera from NSCLC samples, of which, 21 occurred in the immunoglobulin-bound fraction. In addition, 63 and 34 proteins encompassed three or more epitopes that were distinct for squamous cell lung cancer and lung adenocarcinoma, respectively. Collectively, these data show that tiled peptide arrays provide a means to delineate epitopes encoded across the genome that trigger an autoantibody response associated with tumor development.
Significance: This study provides a modality for early diagnosis of NSCLC for precision oncology that can be applied to other cancer types.